Resources

Everything there is about entrepreneurial ecosystems

Entrepreneurship Ecosystems

Entrepreneurial Universities

Entrepreneurship Education

Systems of Entrepreneurship

Innovation Ecosystems

Regional/National Systems of Innovation

Books

  • Feld, B. (2012). Startup communities: Building an entrepreneurial ecosystem in your city. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  • Funke, T., & Zehrfeld, W.A. (Eds). Abseits von Silicon Valley: Beispiele erfolgreicher Gründungsstandorte. Frankfurt: Frankfurter Allgemeine Buch
  • Miller R., & Cote, M. (1987). Growing the Next Silicon Valley. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
  • Saxenian, A. (1994). Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Journal Articles & Chapters

  • Aaltonen, A. (2016). Factors Shaping Entrepreneurial Ecosystems and the Rise of Entrepreneurship: A View from Top Management Journals. Demos Helsinki Working Paper.
  • Acs, Z. J., Estrin, S., Mickiewicz, T., & Szerb, L. (2017). Institutions, Entrepreneurship and Growth: The Role of National Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. doi:10.2139/ssrn.2912453.
  • Audretsch, D. B., & Belitski, M. (2016). Entrepreneurial ecosystems in cities: establishing the framework conditions. The Journal of Technology Transfer. doi:10.1007/s10961-016-9473-8.
  • Autio, E., Kenney, M., Mustar, P., Siegel, D. S., & Wright, M. (2014). Entrepreneurial innovation: The importance of context. Research Policy, 43(7), 1097–1108.
  • Berger, E. S. C., & Kuckertz, A. (2016). Female entrepreneurship in startup ecosystems worldwide. Journal of Business Research. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2016.04.098.
  • Bloom, P. N., & Dees, J. G. (2008). Cultivate Your Ecosystem. Stanford Social Innovation Review, 6(1), 47-53.
  • Brown, R., & Mason, C. (2017). Looking inside the spiky bits: a critical review and conceptualisation of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Small Business Economics. doi:10.1007/s11187-017-9865-7.
  • Carayannis, E. G., Provance, M., & Grigoroudis, E. (2016). Entrepreneurship ecosystems: an agent-based simulation approach. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 41(3), 631-653.
  • Cohen, B. (2006). Sustainable valley entrepreneurial ecosystems. Business Strategy and the Environment, 15(1), 1-14.
  • Cooke, P. (2016). The virtues of variety in regional innovation systems and entrepreneurial ecosystems. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, 2(1).
  • Dubini, P. (1989). The influence of motivations and environment on business start-ups: Some hints for public policies. Journal of Business Venturing, 4(1), 11-26.
  • Fuerlinger, G., Fandl, U., & Funke, T. (2015). The role of the state in the entrepreneurship ecosystem: insights from Germany. Triple Helix, 2(1), 1-26.
  • Isenberg, D. (2010). How to start an entrepreneurial revolution. Harvard Business Review, 88(6), 40-50.
  • Isenberg, D. (2016). Applying the Ecosystem Metaphor to Entrepreneurship: Uses and Abuses. The Antitrust Bulletin, 61(4), 564-573.
  • Kanter R. M. (2012). Enriching the Ecosystem. Harvard Business Review, 90(3), 140-147.
  • Lowe, N. J., & Feldman, M. P. (2017). Institutional life within an entrepreneurial region. Geography Compass, 11(3), e12306.
  • Mack, E., & Mayer, H. (2015). The evolutionary dynamics of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Urban Studies. doi:10.1177/0042098015586547.
  • Malecki, E. J. (2011). Connecting local entrepreneurial ecosystems to global innovation networks: open innovation, double networks and knowledge integration. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 14(1), 36-59.
  • Pitelis, C. (2012). Clusters, entrepreneurial ecosystem co-creation, and appropriability: a conceptual framework. Industrial and Corporate Change, 21(6), 1359-1388.
  • Qian, H., Acs, Z. J., & Stough, R. R. (2013). Regional systems of entrepreneurship: the nexus of human capital, knowledge and new firm formation. Journal of Economic Geography, 13(4), 559-587.
  • Richter, C. H., Xu, J., & Wilcox, B. A. (2015). Opportunities and challenges of the ecosystem approach. Futures, 67, 40-51.
  • Rocha, H. O., & Sternberg, R. (2005). Entrepreneurship: The Role of Clusters Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Evidence from Germany. Small Business Economics, 24(3), 267-292.
  • Spigel, B. (2015). The Relational Organization of Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. doi:10.1111/etap.12167
  • Spigel, B. (2016). Developing and governing entrepreneurial ecosystems: the structure of entrepreneurial support programs in Edinburgh, Scotland. International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, 7(2), 141-160.
  • Stam, E. (2015). Entrepreneurial Ecosystems and Regional Policy: A Sympathetic Critique. European Planning Studies, 23(9), 1759-1769.
  • Stam, E., & Spigel, B. (2017). Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. In R. Blackburn, D. De Clercq, J. Heinonen, & Z. Wang (Eds.), Handbook for Entrepreneurship and Small Business. London, UK: Sage.
  • Taich, C., Piazza, M., Carter, K., & Wilcox, A. (2016). Measuring Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. Urban Publications 1452.
  • Thomas, L. D. W., Sharapov, D., & Autio, E. (2015). Linking Entrepreneurial and Innovation Ecosystems: The Case of AppCampus. In S. Alvarez, E. G. Carayannis, G. Dagnino, & R. Faraci (Eds.), Entrepreneurial Ecosystems and the Diffusion of Startups. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Reports

  • Aspen Network of Development Entrepreneurs. (2013). Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Diagnostic Toolkit.
  • Auerswald, P. E. (2015). Enabling Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: Insights from Ecology to Inform Effective Entrepreneurship Policy. Kansas City, MO: Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation.
  • Autio, E., Rannikko, H., Handelberg, J., & Kiuru, P. (2014). Analyses on the Finnish High-Growth Entrepreneurship Ecosystem. Aalto University, Helsinki: Business and Economy Series.
  • Bruegel. (2014). Building Entrepreneurial Ecosystems in Europe. Summary of Bruegel Workshop, Innovation and Growth, 2nd December 2014.
  • Center for International Private Enterprise. (2014). Creating the Environment for Entrepreneurial Success. Washington, DC.
  • Graham, R. (2014). Creating university-based entrepreneurial ecosystems: evidence from emerging world leaders. MIT Skoltech Initiative.
  • Kushida, K. E. (2015). A Strategic Overview of the Silicon Valley Ecosystem: Towards Effectively “Harnessing” Silicon Valley. Report for the Stanford Silicon Valley – New Japan Project.
  • Mason, C., & Brown, R. (2014). Entrepreneurial ecosystems and growth oriented entrepreneurship. Paris: OECD LEED.
  • Motoyama, Y., & Watkins, K. K. (2014). Examining the Connections within the Startup Ecosystem: A Case Study of St. Louis. Kansas City, MO: Kauffman Foundation.
  • Stam, E. (2014). The Dutch Entrepreneurial Ecosystem. Utrecht: Birch Research.
  • Stam, E., Romme, G., Roso, M., van den Toren, J. P., & van der Starre, B. T. (2016). Knowledge triangles in the Netherlands: an entrepreneurial ecosystem approach. Paris: OECD.
  • Stangler, D., & Bell-Masterson, J. (2015). Measuring an Entrepreneurial Ecosystem. Kansas City, MO: Ewin Marion Kauffman Foundation.
  • Startup Genome. (2017). Global Startup Ecosystem Report 2017. San Francisco, CA: Startup Genome.
  • World Economic Forum (2013). Entrepreneurial Ecosystems Around the Globe and Company Growth Dynamics. Report Summary for the Annual Meeting of the New Champions 2013.

Websites

Books

  • Etzkowitz, H. (2002). MIT and the Rise of Entrepreneurial Science. London, Uk: Routledge.
  • Etzkowitz, H. (2008). The Triple Helix: University-Industry-Government Innovation In Action London: Routledge.
  • Fayolle, A., & Redford, D. T. (2014). Handbook on the Entrepreneurial University. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.
  • Morris, M. H., Kuratko, D. F., & Cornwall, J. R. (2013). Entrepreneurship Programs and the Modern University. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
  • Shane, S. (2004). Academic Entrepreneurship: University Spinoffs and Wealth Creation. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
  • Wright, M., Clarysse, B., Mustar, P., & Lockett, A. (2007). Academic Entrepreneurship in Europe. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elger Publishing Limited.

Journal Articles

  • Audretsch, D. B. (2014). From the entrepreneurial university to the university for the entrepreneurial society. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 39(3), 313-321.
  • Audretsch, D. B., & Lehmann, E. E. (2005). Do University policies make a difference? Research Policy, 34(3), 343-347.
  • Audretsch, D. B., Lehmann, E. E., & Warning, S. (2005). University spillovers and new firm location. Research Policy, 34(7), 1113-1122.
  • Grimaldi, R., Kenney, M., Siegel, D. S., & Wright, M. (2011). 30 years after Bayh–Dole: Reassessing academic entrepreneurship. Research Policy, 40(8), 1045– 1057.
  • Lawton Smith, H. (2007). Universities, innovation, and territorial development: a review of the evidence. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 25(1), 98-114.

Reports

  • OECD. (2013). Commercialising Public Research: New Trends and Strategies. OECD Publishing.
  • U.S. Department of Commerce (2013). Entrepreneurial University: Higher Education, Innovation & Entrepreneurship in Focus.

Websites

Journal Articles

  • Levie, J. (2014). The university is the classroom: teaching and learning technology commercialization at a technological university. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 39(5), 793-808.
  • Thursby, M. C., Fuller, A. W., & Thursby, J. G. (2009). An Integrated Approach to Educating Professionals for Careers in Innovation. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 8(3), 389-406.

Books

  • Acs, Z. J., Szerb, L., & Autio, E. (2016). Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index 2015. Cham: Springer.
  • Audretsch, D. B. (2007). The Entrepreneurial Society. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Journal Articles

  • Acs, Z. J., Audretsch, D. B., & Lehmann, E. E. (2013). The knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics, 41(4), 757-774.
  • Acs, Z. J., Autio, E., & Szerb, L. (2014). National Systems of Entrepreneurship: Measurement issues and policy implications. Research Policy, 43(3), 476-494.
  • Chatterji, A., Glaeser, E. L., & Kerr, W. R. (2013). Clusters of Entrepreneurship and Innovation. NBER Working Paper No. 19013.
  • Dejardin, M., & Fritsch, M. (2011). Entrepreneurial dynamics and regional growth. Small Business Economics, 36(4), 377-382.
  • Glaeser, E. L., Kerr, W. R., & Ponzetto, G. A. M. (2010). Clusters of entrepreneurship. Journal of Urban Economics, 67(1), 150-168.
  • Kuechle, G. (2014). Regional concentration of entrepreneurial activities. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 102, 59-73.
  • Qian, H., Acs, Z. J., & Stough, R. R. (2013). Regional systems of entrepreneurship: the nexus of human capital, knowledge and new firm formation. Journal of Economic Geography, 13(4), 559-587.

Books

  • Iansiti, M., & Levien, R. (2004). The Keystone Advantage: What the New Dynamics of Business Ecosystems Mean for Strategy, Innovation, and Sustainability. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
  • Moore, J. F. (1996). The Death of Competition: Leadership and Strategy in the Age of Business Ecosystems. New York, NY: HarperBusiness.

Book Chapters

  • Autio, E., & Thomas, L. D. W. (2014). Innovation Ecosystems: Implications for Innovation Management. In M. Dodgson, D. M. Gann, & N. Phillips (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Innovation Management. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Journal Articles

  • Adner, R. (2006). Match your innovation strategy to your innovation ecosystem. Harvard Business Review, 84(4), 98-108.
  • Adner, R., & Kapoor, R. (2010). Value creation in innovation ecosystems: How the structure of technological interdependence affects firm performance in new technology generations. Strategic Management Journal, 31(3), 306-333.
  • Basole, R. C. (2009). Visualization of interfirm relations in a converging mobile ecosystem. Journal of Information Technology, 24, 144–159.
  • Cusumano, M. A., & Gawer, A. (2002). The Elements of Platform Leadership. MIT Sloan Management Review, 43(3), 51-58.
  • Desrochers, P. (2002). Industrial ecology and the rediscovery of inter‐firm recycling linkages: historical evidence and policy implications. Industrial and Corporate Change, 11(5), 1031-1057.
  • Engler, J., & Kusiak, A. (2011). Modeling an Innovation Ecosystem with Adaptive Agents. International Journal of Innovation Science, 3(2), 55-68.
  • Garnsey, E., & Leong, Y. Y. (2008). Combining Resource‐Based and Evolutionary Theory to Explain the Genesis of Bio‐networks. Industry and Innovation, 15(6), 669-686.
  • Li, Y.-R. (2009). The technological roadmap of Cisco’s business ecosystem. Technovation, 29(5), 379-386.
  • Mercan, B., & Göktas, D. (2011). Components of innovation ecosystems: a cross-country study. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, 76, 102-112.
  • Moore, J. F. (1993). Predators and Prey: A New Ecology of Competition. Harvard Business Review, 71(3), 75-86.
  • Nill, J., & Kemp, R. (2009). Evolutionary approaches for sustainable innovation policies: From niche to paradigm? Research Policy, 38(4), 668-680.
  • Thomas, L. D. W., & Autio, E. (2014). The Process of Ecosystem Emergence. Working Paper, Imperial College Business School, University of London.
  • Zacharakis, A., Shepherd, D. A., & Coombs, J. E. (2003). The development of venture-capital-backed internet companies: An ecosystem perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 18(2), 217-231.

Books

  • Audretsch, D. B., & Lehmann, E. E. (2016). The Seven Secrets of Germany: Economic Resilience in an Era of Global Turbulence. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Cooke, P. (2012). Complex Adaptive Innovation Systems: Relatedness and Transversality in the Evolving Region (Regions and Cities). Abingdon, UK: Rutledge.
  • Miettinen, R. (2002). National Innovation System: Scientific Concept or Political Rhetoric. Helsinki: Edita Rima Ltd.

Book Chapters

  • Buendía, F. (2005). Towards a System Dynamics-Based Theory of Industrial Clusters. In C. Karlsson, B. Johannson, & R. R. Stough (Eds.), Industrial Clusters and Inter-Firm Betworks. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
  • Oerlemans, L. A. G., Meeus, M. T. H., & Kenis, P. N. (2007). Regional innovation networks. In R. P. J. H. Rutten & F. W. M. Boekema (Eds.), The Learning Region: Foundations, State of the Art, Future. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Journal Articles

  • Boschma, R. (2004). Competitiveness of Regions from an Evolutionary Perspective. Regional Studies, 38(9), 1001-1014.
  • Breschi, S., & Lissoni, F. (2001). Knowledge spillovers and local innovation systems. Industrial and Corporate Change, 10(4), 975-1005.
  • Cooke, P. (2001). Regional innovation systems, clusters, and the knowledge economy. Industrial and Corporate Change, 10(4), 945-974.
  • Cooke, P. (2005). Regionally asymmetric knowledge capabilities and open innovation: Exploring ‘Globalisation 2’—A new model of industry organisation. Research Policy, 34(8), 1128-1149.
  • Cooke, P., Uranga, M. G., & Etxebarria, G. (1997). Regional innovation systems: Institutional and organisational dimensions. Research Policy, 26(4-5), 475-491.
  • Dangelico, R. M., Garavelli, A. C., & Petruzzelli, A. M. (2010). A system dynamics model to analyze technology districts’ evolution in a knowledge-based perspective. Technovation, 30(2), 142–153.
  • Doloreux, D. (2002). What we should know about regional systems of innovation. Technology in society, 24(3), 243-263.
  • Doloreux, D., & Parto, S. (2005). Regional innovation systems: Current discourse and unresolved issues. Technology in society, 27(2), 133-153.
  • Fagerberg, J., & Srholec, M. (2008). National innovation systems, capabilities and economic development. Research Policy, 37(9), 1417-1435.
  • Feldman, M. P., Francis, J., & Bercovitz, J. E. (2005). Creating a Cluster While Building a Firm: Entrepreneurs and the Formation of Industrial Clusters. Regional Studies, 39(1), 129-141.
  • Fritsch, M. (2002). Measuring the Quality of Regional Innovation Systems: A Knowledge Production Function Approach. International Regional Science Review, 25(1), 86-101.
  • Gilbert, N., Ahrweiler, P., & Pyka, A. (2007). Learning in innovation networks: Some simulation experiments. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 378(1), 100-109.
  • Gordon, I., & McCann, P. (2000). Industrial Clusters: Complexes, Agglomeration and/or Social Networks? Urban Studies, 37(3), 513-532.
  • Hekkert, M. P., Suurs, R. A., Negro, S. O., Kuhlmann, S., & Smits, R. E. H. M. (2007). Functions of innovation systems: A new approach for analysing technological change. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 74(4), 413-432.
  • Hurmelinna-Laukkanen, P., Olander, H., Blomqvist, K., & Panfilii, V. (2012). Orchestrating R&D networks: Absorptive capacity, network stability, and innovation appropriability. European Management Journal, 30(6), 552-563.
  • Iammarino, S., & McCann, P. (2006). The structure and evolution of industrial clusters: Transactions, technology and knowledge spillovers. Research Policy, 35(7), 1018-1036.
  • Katz, J. S. (2006). Indicators for complex innovation systems. Research Policy, 35(7), 893-909.
  • Lee, T.-L., & von Tunzelmann, N. (2005). A dynamic analytic approach to national innovation systems: The IC industry in Taiwan. Research Policy, 34(4), 425-440.
  • Leydesdorff, L., & Fritsch, M. (2006). Measuring the knowledge base of regional innovation systems in Germany in terms of a Triple Helix dynamics. Research Policy, 35(10), 1538-1553.
  • Lin, C. H., Tung, C. M., & Huang, C. T. (2006). Elucidating the industrial cluster effect from a system dynamics perspective. Technovation, 26(4), 473-482.
  • Markard, J., & Truffer, B. (2008). Technological innovation systems and the multi-level perspective: Towards an integrated framework. Research Policy, 37(4), 596-615.
  • Metcalfe, S., & Ramlogan, R. (2008). Innovation systems and the competitive process in developing economies. The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 48(2), 433-446.
  • Oughton, C., Landabaso, M., & Morgan, K. (2002). The Regional Innovation Paradox: Innovation Policy and Industrial Policy. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 27(1), 97-110.
  • Rondé, P., & Hussler, C. (2005). Innovation in regions: What does really matter? Research Policy, 34(8), 1150-1172.
  • Samara, E., Georgiadis, P., & Bakouros, I. (2012). The impact of innovation policies on the performance of national innovation systems: A system dynamics analysis. Technovation, 32(11), 624-638.
  • Stuck, J., Broekel, T., & Revilla Diez, J. (2015). Network Structures in Regional Innovation Systems. European Planning Studies. doi:10.1080/09654313.2015.1074984.
  • Tödtling, F., & Trippl, M. (2005). One size fits all?: Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach. Research Policy, 34(8), 1203-1219.
  • Uyarra, E. (2010). What is evolutionary about ‘regional systems of innovation’? Implications for regional policy. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 20(1), 115-137.
  • Uyarra, E., & Flanagan, K. (2010). From Regional Systems of Innovation to Regions as Innovation Policy Spaces. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 28(4), 681-695.
  • Zhang, J. (2003). Growing Silicon Valley on a landscape: an agent-based approach to high-tech industrial clusters. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 13(5), 529–548.